An automated guided vehicle (AGV) can be built with as little as two Roboteq components: An MGS1600 magnetic guide sensor, and one of the many dual channel motor controllers available in Roboteq’s catalog. This application note will use a Roboteq MDC2230 dual channel controller, however the techniques described are identical for all other controller models.
Motors become generators when forced to turn while no or reduced power is applied. This phenomenon brings interesting benefits in terms of energy efficiency but it also introduces challenges in system design. Understanding the physics and implications of regeneration is critical in many applications.
One of the most interesting features of electric motors when used in drive train application is that they can also behave as generators, and thus recharge the vehicle's battery while braking. Roboteq's motor controllers can easily be programmed to take advantage of this characteristic in a controlled manner.